German Defence of the Western Front, September-October 1915

by Dr ROBERT T. FOLEY For most in Britain, September 1915 is best remembered for the battle of Loos, which saw the first British use of poison gas and the first extensive use of Kitchener’s ‘new army divisions’ in battle. It is also remembered as a great ‘what-if’ of history, as British successes at Loos… Read More German Defence of the Western Front, September-October 1915

Operational Art and the Operational Level: The Case for the Defence

The operational level of war and the operational art are key concepts of Western military doctrine and consequently form important areas of study in staff colleges around the world. To stimulate discussion and debate about these important ideas, authors from the Defence Studies Department are exploring the continued utility of these concepts. In this second… Read More Operational Art and the Operational Level: The Case for the Defence

Operational Level and Operational Art: Still Useful Today?

The operational level of war and the operational art are key concepts of Western military doctrine and consequently form important areas of study in staff colleges around the world. To stimulate discussion and debate about these important ideas, authors from the Defence Studies Department will explore the continued utility of these concepts in two posts.… Read More Operational Level and Operational Art: Still Useful Today?

Digital First World War Resources: Online Official Histories — The War at Sea and in the Air

by Dr ROBERT T. FOLEY In an earlier post, I examined the official histories of the First World War on the land. Obviously, the war on land was only one aspect of the First World War, combat in the air and on the sea played significant roles in the outcome of the war. Indeed, it… Read More Digital First World War Resources: Online Official Histories — The War at Sea and in the Air

Organizational Culture and Learning during the First World War

This is the second of several posts running on Defence-in-Depth over the next few weeks arising out of the Military Learning and Innovation Roundtable held at the Joint Services Command and Staff College on Wednesday 17 June 2015. The roundtable explored the various ways in which armed forces have learned, adapted, and innovated in times… Read More Organizational Culture and Learning during the First World War

From the Archives: A Disastrous Campaign: The US View of Gallipoli

by Dr ROBERT T. FOLEY On 25 April 1915, units of General Sir Ian Hamilton’s Mediterranean Expeditionary Force landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The goal of this force was to clear the peninsula of Turkish defenders, and in particular their heavy artillery, in order to allow an Anglo-French naval force to sweep the Dardanelles Straits… Read More From the Archives: A Disastrous Campaign: The US View of Gallipoli

Lessons in Writing from a Master: Col John E. Greenwood, USMC (Ret.)

by Dr ROBERT T. FOLEY I recently learned that my old friend and mentor, Col. John E. Greenwood, USMC (Ret.) has passed away. I first met Col Greenwood while editing the Marine Corps Gazette. After a distinguished career 30-year career in the Marine Corps, including numerous combat tours in Korea and Vietnam, Col Greenwood edited… Read More Lessons in Writing from a Master: Col John E. Greenwood, USMC (Ret.)

Digital First World War Resources: Online Official Histories — The War on Land

by Dr ROBERT T. FOLEY In a recent post, I examined the growing availability of governmental archival sources covering the First World War. In this, I want to look at the increasing number of official histories of the war that are becoming available online. In this post, I will concentrate on texts covering land operations.… Read More Digital First World War Resources: Online Official Histories — The War on Land